DASSAULT, MARCEL


DASSAULT, MARCEL
DASSAULT, MARCEL (1892–1986), French aeronautical engineer and industrialist. Dassault was born Marcel Bloch in Paris, the son of a physician. He was one of the first graduates in aeronautical engineering (1914). In World War I he invented an improved propeller for the Spad fighter. In 1930 he founded the aircraft company Societé des Avions Marcel Bloch, where he designed a series of civil and military aircraft including the Bloch 152, the only French fighter aircraft potentially capable of opposing the Luftwaffe. The firm was nationalized in 1936 but he remained director. He was deported to Buchenwald in 1944, where he remained until the end of the war after his refusal to collaborate with the Germans on aircraft design. After the war he changed his name to Dassault, after his brother Paul's code name in the resistance "d'assault" (derived from the French phrase "char d'assault" for tank). In 1946 he founded the Societé des Avions Marcel Dassault. In 1967 Dassault's company merged with Breguet. The new company became the dominant supplier of French military aircraft. Dassault designed the Ouragan, and the Mystère and Mirage series of jet fighters. These aircraft made a prominent contribution to Israel's military campaigns. The Ouragan was used in the 1956 Sinai campaign and the Mystère IV in the 1967 Six-Day War.   An upgraded version of the Super Mystère B2 was employed in the 1973 Yom Kippur War. He also designed military transport aircraft and the Falcon series of private business jets. Subsequently the company greatly expanded and diversified its business interests in Dassault's later years and under the direction of his son and heir, Serge. Marcel Dassault served as a deputy in the French National Assembly (1951–55) and as a senator (1957–58). He was again elected a deputy in 1958. (Michael Denman (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Dassault, Marcel — orig. Marcel Bloch born Jan. 22, 1892, Paris, France died April 18, 1986, Paris French aircraft designer and industrialist. He designed aircraft during World War I, and in 1930 he started his own company to build military and civilian airplanes.… …   Universalium

  • Dassault, Marcel — orig. Marcel Bloch (22 ene. 1892, París, Francia–18 abr. 1986, París). Diseñador e industrial aeronáutico francés. Diseñó aviones durante la primera guerra mundial, en 1930 inició su propia compañía para fabricar aviones militares y civiles. Fue… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Dassault, Marcel — pseud. di Bloch, Marcel …   Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione

  • Dassault, Marcel (Bloch, Marcel) — (1892 1986)    French aircraft designer. Born in Paris, he studied electricity and worked in a car factory. He later studied in an aeronautical school. During World War I he designed propellers. In the 1930s he continued to design planes. During… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Marcel Bloch — Marcel Dassault (* 22. Januar 1892 in Paris; † 17. April 1986 in Neuilly sur Seine; geboren als Marcel Bloch) war ein französischer Luftfahrtunternehmer. Bloch war einer der ersten Luft und Raumfahrtstudenten Frankreichs. Im Ersten Weltkrieg… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Marcel Dassault — Marcel Bloch in 1914 Marcel Dassault, born Marcel Bloch (22 January 1892 17 April 1986) was a French aircraft industrialist. Biography Dassault was born in Paris. After graduating from the lycée Condorcet, Breguet School and Supaero, he inve …   Wikipedia

  • Marcel Dassault — (* 22. Januar 1892 in Paris; † 17. April 1986 in Neuilly sur Seine; geboren als Marcel Bloch) war ein französischer Luftfahrtunternehmer. Bloch war einer der ersten Luft und Raumfahrtstudenten Fr …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Marcel Dassault — en 1914. Nacimiento …   Wikipedia Español

  • Dassault — (Marcel Bloch, dit Marcel) (1892 1986) industriel et homme politique français. à son retour de déportation (1945), il créa la firme Avions (milit.) Marcel Dassault …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Marcel — Marcel, Gabriel * * * (as used in expressions) Aymé, Marcel Breuer, Marcel (Lajos) Carné, Marcel Dassault, Marcel Marcel Bloch Duchamp, Marcel Marceau, Marcel Marcel, Gabriel (Honoré) …   Enciclopedia Universal


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